Lupine, considered a super food, is a seed that belongs to the family of the plants Faboideae. His scientific name is Lupinus. It exists hundreds of species of Lupinus but the specie that is consumed normally in Portugal is Lupinus Albus. Is has been proved scientifically that the regular consumption of lupine regulates, at long term, the levels of cholesterol and diabetes. The big advantages of the lupine are the high value of proteins, low caloric and fat levels and high values of fibers. It has about three times more protein and twice more phosphorus than cow's milk and two times more protein than the average of all meat and fish. Lupine fats are essentially unsaturated fatty acids (omega-3 and 6), which are benefit to our body. It has three times the fiber of the wheat and oats. The carbohydrates present are slowly absorbed, recommended for people with diabetes. The high amount of fibers helps in the retention of LDL cholesterol in the intestine, which afterwards is repelled by the organism. For these reasons the lupine is a major ingredient in the Mediterranean diet. When lupine is in the dried seed state, it contains several toxic substances, among them is the amino acids and alkaloid’s that block his consumption, giving a bitter taste. The size and weight of the lupine, can be directly related to the specie, ground where is planted and climate. Likewise it can be related to the treatment that undergoes before and after being harvest from the plant. The lupine characteristics are unique, because it is characterized as a food with high values of phytonutrients with high benefits for our health.

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